Pneumonia is a very common disease that usually occurs in the middle-aged, elderly, and infants, so timely care is usually necessary. Pneumonia is an acute disease that is usually accompanied by symptoms such as cough, shortness of breath, and chest tightness, so it is important for patients to pay special attention to their diet. A good diet can ensure that pneumonia patients consume enough fluids and calories to help treat pneumonia. So do you know what to look for in the diet of pneumonia patients? Do you know what is allowed and what is not allowed to eat? What are the dietary contraindications for pneumonia? The following are some of the most important things you should know about pneumonia.
1. Pneumonia dietary contraindications
1.1 Avoid high protein diet
The important identity of lean meat, fish, and eggs is protein. 1 gram of protein is absorbed in the body by 18 ml of water, and the end product of protein metabolism is urea. If patients eat more protein, the absolute discharge of urea will also increase, and for each discharge of 300 mg of urea, at least take away 20 ml of water. Therefore, patients with high fever and water loss should avoid a high-protein diet, when the disease can be properly compensated for in the late stages, to regress the body.
1.2 Avoid sugar-rich things
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1.3 Avoid stimulating food
Pneumonia should avoid eating pepper, onion, garlic, wine, and other spicy irritant food, because the stimulation of the tracheal mucosa, will aggravate the cough, asthma, palpitations, and other symptoms, inducing asthma, so when avoid eating.
1.4 Avoid sea fishy and greasy products
Non-steamed fish, due to the amount of oil used is too large and easy to causes a fire. In addition, people with allergies and people with high blood uric acid (such as gout patients) should also eat less oily yellowtail, scallops, shrimp, crab, and fatty meat, in order to avoid fire and phlegm.
1.5 Avoid cold fruits
Pneumonia patients should eat fewer cold fruits, which can damage the spleen and stomach’s yang energy and hinder the function of transportation, which is not conducive to the recovery of the disease.
1.6 Avoid cold food
If you eat watermelon, ice cream, frozen juice, sorbet, popsicles, cold drinks, bananas, raw pears, and other cold foods, it is easy to operate the body’s Yang Qi, and Yang Qi is damaged is unable to resist evil, the disease is difficult to heal, so you should avoid eating, especially for children with gastrointestinal symptoms should be hidden.
1.7 Avoid gas-producing foods
Such as sweet potatoes, leeks, etc., because it is not conducive to lung qi publicity, should eat more alkaline food.
1.8 No smoking
The reason is that smoking is one of the banes of the development of bronchitis and is extremely detrimental to asthmatic bronchitis and should be absolutely prohibited.
2. Dietary principles of pneumonia
2.1 Patients with pneumonia should eat a daily diet rich in high-quality protein, such as lean meat, crabs, sea fish, dairy products, soy products, eggs, etc., in order to improve immunity from foreign pathogens.
2.2 Pneumonia patients often have an imbalance of water, electrolytes, and acid-base balance in their bodies, so they should eat foods rich in iron, such as liver and egg yolk of animals; and foods with high copper content, such as beef liver, sesame paste, pork, etc. High-calcium foods such as shrimp and dairy products can also be given.
2.3 For patients with pneumonia, it is recommended that they should eat more vitamin A foods in their daily life; animal liver and egg yolk are good choices. At the same time, these foods are good for the integrity of the respiratory tract of pneumonia patients and are very helpful for their condition.
Now you know what to pay attention to in your daily diet for pneumonia, and you should eat less of these foods that are not good for pneumonia. Also, pay attention to physical exercise and drink less alcohol!